Benefits of International Trade
International trade refers to the exchange of capital, services and goods among different countries with little interference. Trading internationally accounts for a major portion of a nation’s GDP. In fact, the main reason why a nation would opt to trade internationally is to boost their GDP. The following are other benefits of international trade.
1. Enhances productivity
International trade encourages high production efficiency since nations involved in trade will attempt to adopt new production methods to stay competitive. A country that is able to produce a certain product using the lowest accessible cost is going to gain a bigger share in that product market. Trading internationally therefore provides users the incentive to produce more efficiently. This leads to an increase in product standards and consumers also benefit from better quality of products.
2. Wide range of products
International trade allows for different variations of a certain product from varying origins. This greatly benefits the consumers are they are now provided a wider range of options to choose from. This helps to enhance the living standards of the local people since these products are usually affordable.
3. Generates employment
More employment is going to be created as the consumers for a certain nation’s goods increase through trade. Trading internationally also helps to create more employment by fostering the foundation of new industries and companies to satisfy the demand of several countries. This can greatly assist a nation to lower its unemployment rates.
4. Fosters peace
International trade is very important as it encourages peace and harmony between the participating countries. The people in the participating nations will appreciate each other’s services or products, thereby resulting in better relationships.
The only demerit of international trade is that local industries might by overshadowed by other international competitors, which could even lead to an increase in unemployment.