Benefits of Town Planning
Town planning is a practice that is concerned with the management of land in an urban setting. This includes transportation networks and ensuring the development of communities and settlements. Town planning involves analysis, research, strategic thinking, policy recommendations and implementation.
1. Promotes security
Town planners usually have to consider threats like storm surges and floods when planning resources within a town. Extreme weather or other kinds of emergencies like fire have to be considered to create evacuation routes within the town. These are usually unobtrusive and inexpensive and many people consider them as a rational safety measure for any town. By planning for safety features like retaining walls, shelters and levees, town planning helps to increase the security and safety of the population.
2. Increases attractiveness
Cities are also planned by considering the aesthetics. Planners enhance the attractiveness of a town through applying various tools like growth management and zoning to manage land use. Historically, most of the towns now seen as the most attractive are the outcome of long lasting land systems of guidance and prohibitions about uses, features and building sizes.
3. Prevents slum development
Rapid urbanization has resulted in the formation of slums in major cities all over the world, especially in developing nations. Town planning strategies are very important as they help to prevent the development of slums. In such scenarios, cheaper housing options may be given to prevent the need to create slums.
4. Promotes renewal
Town planning also promotes renewal and reconstruction. This is clear in cities devastated by fire or war. Planners can aim to restore basic infrastructure such as water, sewerage and power. Historic, social and religious centers can also be preserved in the new town plan.
Simply put, town planning is an integral component that has numerous advantages. It helps to lessen the general effect of urbanization on both the global and local environment.