Benefits Of Composting
There are so many things like rotten vegetables peels and fruits from your kitchen that you throw in the garbage bin daily. People who do these, might not be having much knowledge about the immense benefits of composting.
Millions of microorganisms present in the environment decompose the raw material into a fertile product known as the compost. All you need to contribute here is the correct mixture of key elements water, food and air. Water and air are easily available in the surrounding environment.
Food for these microorganisms mainly consists of two types of materials i.e. the greens and the Browns. Green materials contain rich quantities of Nitrogen, which provides protein to the microorganisms. The brown materials contain rich quantities of Carbon and provide energy to them. A few benefits of composting are:
1.Benefit to the environment
Our environment provides us with the five essential elements of life. So, we owe the responsibility to keep it clean. By composting your left over kitchen scraps, garden left over, weeds, dry leaves, fresh manure of chicken, horse, cow and rabbit you will save the environment.
2.Reduces air pollution
Dead and decaying organic matter contributes increased amount of leach ate and methane to the soil and air. If decomposition is done through the proper process of composting the quantity of these materials added to the environment is less.
3.Helps in reducing soil contamination
When the prepared compost is added to the soil it protects the soil from being contaminated by some materials present in it. The compost absorbs different kinds of odors present in the soil and also treats volatile and semi volatile organic compounds already present in the soil. Compost helps in the binding of heavy metals and prevents them from percolating deep into groundwater, thus protecting the plants from their ill effects.
4.Helps in making the soil fertile.
The most evident advantage is improvement in the quality of soil in which the compost is added. The microorganisms that act on the debris convert into nutrients that are essential for the soil. Adding this compost to the soil makes it nutritional for the plants supporting their proper growth andÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡’Â development.
5.Reduces erosion of top soil
Places where the vehicular traffic is high, roads face the problem of erosion. Mixing compost with soil in these regions can help to prevent erosion of roads. In areas where oil extraction takes place, spilling of oil usually occurs in the adjoining water bodies. Composting in the nearby soil can lessen the problem of oil run-off and help in keeping the water bodies cleaner.
The most excellent characteristic of composting is that all key elements of compost are items you usually throw in the dustbin. By making a little effort, you can reduce your contribution to the environmental garbage and in return make large quantities of quality compost for your garden.